Bunge Foundation - Bunge Library - Glossary

Bunge Library

Glossary

The Bunge Foundation has separated essential terms related to social responsibility, education and business memory. Check it!.

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  • Age-Grade Difference - Situation of students backward at school, that is, which are over the age compatible with the grade they are in.
  • Amazonia - Region in South America defined by the Amazon River basin and mostly covered by a tropical forest (that is also called Amazonian Equatorial Forest or Amazonian Forest). The Amazonian hydrographic basin has many important tributaries, such as the Negro, Tapajós and Madeira rivers, and the Amazon River crosses other countries before entering the Brazilian territory. It is also called Amazonia the biome that, in Brazil, occupies 49.29% of the territory, which is the country’s largest terrestrial biome.
  • Archive Science - It is one of the Information Sciences directed to information as its specific object of study and research, aiming at approaching the problems faced in view of new IT and GED referential.
  • Archiving - Collection of operations for packing and storing documents.
  • Archiving - Discipline directed to know the nature of archives and theories, methods and techniques to be used in its constitution, organization, development and utilization.
  • Archivist - Archive professional with university graduation.
  • Art-Education - Education that allows an individual the access to art as an expressive language and form of knowledge.
  • Association - Social assemblage that gathers people interested in acting collectively towards a shared purpose; in legal terms, it is defined as a legal entity created by a group of individuals that share ideas and join efforts without any profitable purpose.
  • Atlantic Forest - Brazilian vegetal formation. Used to follow the country’s coast from Rio Grande do Sul until Rio Grande do Norte (meridional and northeast regions). At the south and southeast regions, it used to go until Argentina and Paraguay. Due to deforestation, mainly beginning in the 20th Century, it is today extremely reduced, being one of the tropical forests more threatened in the globe.
  • Benchmarking - Process of comparing performance indicators, in which benchmark consists of the best comparable indicator, either for performance, quantity or quality.
  • Biodiversity - Live nature diversity. Since 1986, this term has been widely used among biologists, environmentalists, political leaders and conscious citizens all over the world.
  • Biomass - The term biomass comprises a wide extension of materials offered as fuels or raw materials, for different purposes.
  • Biome - In ecology, it means the biologic community, that is, fauna and flora and their interactions among them and with the physical environment: soil, water and air.
  • Business /Institutional Memory - Application that a company makes of its history as a communication tool, catalyst agent of business support or element of social and historical responsibility.
  • Business Citizenship - Commitment assumed by a company favoring the promotion of citizenship and development of communities.
  • Caatinga - This is a biome exclusively Brazilian, meaning that a large portion of its biologic property may not be found anywhere else in the planet. The caatinga occupies an area of 750,000 km², approximately 11% of the Brazilian territory, comprising a continuous portion of the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia and part of North of Minas Gerais (Southeast of Brazil).
  • Catalogue - Instrument of research in which an exhaustive or partial description of a fund or one or more of its subdivisions takes a documental piece as its unit, respecting or not the classification order.
  • Cerrado - Phytogeographic space of savanna type that occurs in Brazil and in parts of Paraguay. It presents a huge vegetal and animal biodiversity.
  • Charity - Means benevolence, compassion; this term is not accepted by part of Third Sector activists for representing old political relations and reproduction of poverty, such as alms.
  • Ciliary Forest - Designation given to vegetation at the margins of rivers and springs. This term refers to the fact that it may be taken as a type of "cilium", which protects the water courses from sand obstruction.
  • Citizenship - Concept that involves the relation between rights and duties of individuals before the State.
  • Civil Society (Law) - 1) Legal entity formed by the association of individuals with the purpose of producing profits from the activities performed. 2) Collection of institutions, organizations and behavior among the State, the world of business and the family. It includes specifically those organizations of volunteers and nonprofit organizations of different types, philanthropic institutions, social and political movements, other forms of social participation and engagement, and all cultural values and standards associated to them.
  • Civil Society Organizations of Public Interest - OSCIP - Legal entities defined by Law No. 9790/99; nonprofit organizations that stand out for the public interest of their activities and objectives; only organizations with social objective are qualified as OSCIPs, at least one of the purposes provided for under article 3 of Law No. 9790/99, and that render free services; they may enter into Partnership Terms with the public sector.
  • Collection - Artificial gathering of documents that, without an organic relation between themselves, presents some common characteristic.
  • Conscious consumption - A worry for not acquiring goods (durable or non-durable) that may cause a loss to the environment or to human beings.
  • CONSED - National Council of Education Secretaries, an entity that gathers Education States and Federal District secretaries. Its objective is to promote the integration of such secretaries, aiming at developing a quality education.
  • Conservation Units (UCs) - Environmental spaces with important natural characteristics legally instituted by the public power with the objective of conservation. They have defined limits and exist under a special system of administration, to which are applied proper protection guarantees.
  • Cooperatives - Companies aiming at achieving results to its members. However, an evaluation of their efficiency may not take into account just the achievement of surplus to its participants, because besides owners they are also clients of the cooperative, allowing that the results obtained may be economic, social and educational.
  • Cooperativism - Principle that grants to cooperatives a fundamental role in the economic organization of the society.
  • Corporate Governance - A system that allows stakeholders or quotaholders a strategic management of the company and an effective monitoring of executive management, by directing it to reach the long-term objectives of principal stakeholders.
  • Cultural property - As said in Brazil, it is the collection of all goods, material or immaterial, which, due to its own value, should be considered of relevant interest to the permanence and cultural identity of a people.